Лексические домены – события и темы, связанные со штатными и нештатными ситуациями, с которыми должны уметь справляться пилоты и диспетчеры в своей профессиональной деятельности и которые включаются в тестирование на определение уровня владения общим и авиационным английским языком по шкале ИКАО.
Перечень общих тем составлен на п.3.4.2 Главы 3 Документа 9835.
- Transport, travel, vehicles
- Aviation, flight
- Countries and nationalities
- Geography, topographical features
- Weather, climate, natural disasters
- Animals, birds
- Problems, errors, accidents, malfunctions
- Behaviour, activities
- Rules, infringement, protocol
- Health, medicine
- Language, spoken communications
- Cargo, packaging, materials
- Abbreviations, acronyms
- Time, duration, schedules
- Space, movement, position, distance, dimension
- Modality (obligation, probability, possibility)
- Causes, conditions
Перечень авиационных тем составлен на основе Части II Приложения «Б» Документа 9835.
- Flight Plan / Administrative problems
Type of flight plan; flight plan processing; flight plan conformity; slots; delays; change in flight plan; flight plan updating; problems linked to flight plan; no flight plan; computer breakdown: diplomatic clearances; customs regulations; civil service departments; impounded aircraft.
- Cargo problems / Dangerous goods
Packaging; handling; loading/unloading; load distribution; load badly fixed or damaged; type of cargo; toxic substances; (perishable) organs for transplant; animals; veterinary services; sniffer dogs; impounding.
- MET (weather) conditions
Wind direction and speed; gusts; crosswind; tailwind; wind shear and microburst; clouds; visibility; runway visual range; blindness/loss of visibility; temperature and dew point; temperature inversion; braking action; (thunder) storms; lightning; turbulence; icing problems; natural disasters; ATIS; minima.
- Ground movement incidents
Delays; problems boarding or disembarking passengers; means of disembarking; baggage identification; start-up; engine checks; holding point; foreign objects (name, description); ramp vehicles; vehicles on the field; collisions; damage caused by vehicles on the ground; pilot not familiar with airfield; no entry disregarded; stuck in the mud.
- Take-off incidents
Rejected take-off; traffic interference; runway incursion; overheating; 180° turn back; runway excursion; cancellation and change of clearance.
- Bird risk/hazard
Names/types of birds; position; quantity; behaviour of birds; damage to aircraft; bird scaring methods; bird scaring in progress.
- Unauthorized manoeuvres
Airspace; rules; previous messages; flight profile; positions/locations.
- Aircraft proximity
Air traffic rules; traffic load; traffic information; position; distance/range; speed; aircraft characteristics; trajectory/flight path; conflict situations; avoiding action; pilot manoeuvres; pilot complaints.
- Problems linked to passenger’s behaviour + unlawful interference
Violent/threatening behaviour; reasons (drunkenness, drugs, mental instability, etc.); physical description of persons; nationalities; ethnic origin; means of calming; means of overpowering; actions to overpower; demands; threats; political allegiances; weapons; firearms; injuries/wounds; assistance requested of police/fire rescue; stowaways.
- Bomb threat/alert/scare
Crew actions/behaviour; disembarking passengers; baggage identification; search methods; ground movements.
- Health problems
The human body (parts of the body; organs); artificial limbs; blood (group, transfusion); sickness, symptoms; discomfort; food poisoning; injuries/wounds; medical background of passengers; vaccines; first aid; medical equipment; medical specialists; medical staff; medical advice; medicine/drugs; type of medical assistance; epidemics; forensic surgeon; quarantine.
- Pilot’s temporary disability
Health problems; pilot’s actions/behaviour.
- Fire on board
Outbreak of fire; warning lights; smells; smoke; control of fire; firefighting equipment; extinguishers; oxygen masks; asphyxia; burns; evacuation; emergency slides/escape chutes; fire brigade/firemen.
- Aircraft breakdowns
Airframe; aircraft spare parts; aircraft interior; flight deck/cockpit; instrument panel; instrument operation; systems (oxygen, hydraulic, electrical, de-icing, etc.); aircraft controls; response to controls; malfunctions; noises and symptoms of malfunction; warning lights; engine performance; overheating (brakes, engine, etc.); loss of radio contact; transponder problems; actions to solve problem; structural damage (glass, metal).
Procedures; routing; endurance; weather.
- ATC system breakdowns
ATC equipment/systems; radar display; radar performance; radio operation; previous messages; relaying messages; request to relay; means of relaying; actions to repair; telephone lines.
Previous messages; types of message; radio performance.
- Approach delays
Holding instructions; aerodrome circuit; diversion/alternate; necessary conditions; CAT 3; all-weather landing.
- Special conditions on arrival
State of traffic on ground; priority flights; ground equipment failure; curfew; approach procedures.
- Lack of fuel
- Missed approach
Go around; minima; reasons.
- Incidents on landing
Long/short landing; missed exit; runway confusion; damage to tires.
- Belly landing
Attempted manoeuvres; status of lights; visual check (low pass); position of landing gear; emergency evacuation (emergency slides/escape chutes, etc.); fire hazard/risk.
- VFR flights
Aids for VFR flights; direction finder; visual landmarks; local place names; lost/in difficulty; manoeuvres for identification; pilot rating; forced/crash landing.
- Special flights
ILS calibration; special test flight procedures; banners, balloons, etc.; ultra lights, gliders; helicopters; aerial photography; highway watch; firefighting aircraft; supervision of power lines; ferrying; diplomatic personnel; military training procedures; in-flight/mid-air refuelling; types of military aircraft; aeronautical military slang; parachute jumping/dropping activity; air shows; acrobatics; formation flights.
- VIP flights
Official ceremonies; protocol (greetings, etc.); military escort; VIP vehicles; effects on traffic.
- Aerodrome environment
Topography (hill, slope, coastline, forest, etc.); high ground/terrain; cardinal points; civil engineering (water, tower, bridge, pylon etc.); built-up areas; roads and railway lines; power lines; particular local activities (firing range, etc.); agricultural activities.
- Airfield facilities/installations
ILS, radar, VOR, etc.; lighting systems; reliability of radio aids; direction finder; poor visibility equipment; aprons/tarmac/ramps; runways, taxiways; length and width of runway; parking zone; holding area; terminal; cargo area; bearing strength.
- Activities on the field
Change of runway and pattern; closure, opening of runway access roads; fire-brigade training exercises; mowing; runway inspection; snow clearing; sweeping.
Noise abatement; departure; approach; all weather take-off and landing; holding procedures; land behind; curfew; local residents.
- Ground services
Opening hours; availability of services at night; assistance on ground; baggage handling; auxiliary power unit; de-icing; refuelling; delay due to de-icing or refuelling; bird scaring; towing; towing equipment; firefighting methods; safety services; medical assistance; unserviceable equipment (stairs, luggage trolleys, etc.); ground staff; control/operational staff; strikes; sit-ins; demonstrations.