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Авиационные темы

Перечень авиационных тем составлен на основе лексических доменов ИКАО, содержащихся в Части II Приложения «Б» Документа 9835

 

Flight Plan / Administrative problems Type of flight plan; flight plan processing; flight plan conformity; slots; delays; change in flight plan; flight plan updating; problems linked to flight plan; no flight plan; computer breakdown: diplomatic clearances; customs regulations; civil service departments; impounded aircraft.

Cargo problems / Dangerous goods Packaging; handling; loading/unloading; load distribution; load badly fixed or damaged; type of cargo; toxic substances; (perishable) organs for transplant; animals; veterinary services; sniffer dogs; impounding.

MET (weather) conditions Wind direction and speed; gusts; crosswind; tailwind; wind shear and microburst; clouds; visibility; runway visual range; blindness/loss of visibility; temperature and dew point; temperature inversion; braking action; (thunder) storms; lightning; turbulence; icing problems; natural disasters; ATIS; minima.

Ground movement incidents Delays; problems boarding or disembarking passengers; means of disembarking; baggage identification; start-up; engine checks; holding point; foreign objects (name, description); ramp vehicles; vehicles on the field; collisions; damage caused by vehicles on the ground; pilot not familiar with airfield; no entry disregarded; stuck in the mud.

Take-off incidents Rejected take-off; traffic interference; runway incursion; overheating; 180° turn back; runway excursion; cancellation and change of clearance.

Bird risk/hazard Names/types of birds; position; quantity; behaviour of birds; damage to aircraft; bird scaring methods; bird scaring in progress.

Unauthorized manoeuvres Airspace; rules; previous messages; flight profile; positions/locations.

Aircraft proximity Air traffic rules; traffic load; traffic information; position; distance/range; speed; aircraft characteristics; trajectory/flight path; conflict situations; avoiding action; pilot manoeuvres; pilot complaints.

Problems linked to passenger’s behaviour + unlawful interference Violent/threatening behaviour; reasons (drunkenness, drugs, mental instability, etc.); physical description of persons; nationalities; ethnic origin; means of calming; means of overpowering; actions to overpower; demands; threats; political allegiances; weapons; firearms; injuries/wounds; assistance requested of police/fire rescue; stowaways.

Bomb threat/alert/scare Crew actions/behaviour; disembarking passengers; baggage identification; search methods; ground movements.

Health problems The human body (parts of the body; organs); artificial limbs; blood (group, transfusion); sickness, symptoms; discomfort; food poisoning; injuries/wounds; medical background of passengers; vaccines; first aid; medical equipment; medical specialists; medical staff; medical advice; medicine/drugs; type of medical assistance; epidemics; forensic surgeon; quarantine.

Pilot’s temporary disability Health problems; pilot’s actions/behaviour.

Fire on board Outbreak of fire; warning lights; smells; smoke; control of fire; firefighting equipment; extinguishers; oxygen masks; asphyxia; burns; evacuation; emergency slides/escape chutes; fire brigade/firemen.

Aircraft breakdowns Airframe; aircraft spare parts; aircraft interior; flight deck/cockpit; instrument panel; instrument operation; systems (oxygen, hydraulic, electrical, de-icing, etc.); aircraft controls; response to controls; malfunctions; noises and symptoms of malfunction; warning lights; engine performance; overheating (brakes, engine, etc.); loss of radio contact; transponder problems; actions to solve problem; structural damage (glass, metal).

Re-routing/diversion Procedures; routing; endurance; weather.

ATC system breakdowns ATC equipment/systems; radar display; radar performance; radio operation; previous messages; relaying messages; request to relay; means of relaying; actions to repair; telephone lines.

Misunderstandings Previous messages; types of message; radio performance.

Approach delays Holding instructions; aerodrome circuit; diversion/alternate; necessary conditions; CAT 3; all-weather landing.

Special conditions on arrival State of traffic on ground; priority flights; ground equipment failure; curfew; approach procedures.

Lack of fuel Endurance/fuel remaining.

Missed approach Go around; minima; reasons.

Incidents on landing Long/short landing; missed exit; runway confusion; damage to tires.

Belly landing Attempted manoeuvres; status of lights; visual check (low pass); position of landing gear; emergency evacuation (emergency slides/escape chutes, etc.); fire hazard/risk.

VFR flights Aids for VFR flights; direction finder; visual landmarks; local place names; lost/in difficulty; manoeuvres for identification; pilot rating; forced/crash landing.

Special flights ILS calibration; special test flight procedures; banners, balloons, etc.; ultra lights, gliders; helicopters; aerial photography; highway watch; firefighting aircraft; supervision of power lines; ferrying; diplomatic personnel; military training procedures; in-flight/mid-air refuelling; types of military aircraft; aeronautical military slang; parachute jumping/dropping activity; air shows; acrobatics; formation flights.

VIP flights Official ceremonies; protocol (greetings, etc.); military escort; VIP vehicles; effects on traffic.

Aerodrome environment Topography (hill, slope, coastline, forest, etc.); high ground/terrain; cardinal points; civil engineering (water, tower, bridge, pylon etc.); built-up areas; roads and railway lines; power lines; particular local activities (firing range, etc.); agricultural activities.

Airfield facilities/installations ILS, radar, VOR, etc.; lighting systems; reliability of radio aids; direction finder; poor visibility equipment; aprons/tarmac/ramps; runways, taxiways; length and width of runway; parking zone; holding area; terminal; cargo area; bearing strength.

Activities on the field Change of runway and pattern; closure, opening of runway access roads; fire-brigade training exercises; mowing; runway inspection; snow clearing; sweeping.

Procedures Noise abatement; departure; approach; all weather take-off and landing; holding procedures; land behind; curfew; local residents.

Ground services Opening hours; availability of services at night; assistance on ground; baggage handling; auxiliary power unit; de-icing; refuelling; delay due to de-icing or refuelling; bird scaring; towing; towing equipment; firefighting methods; safety services; medical assistance; unserviceable equipment (stairs, luggage trolleys, etc.); ground staff; control/operational staff; strikes; sit-ins; demonstrations.

 

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Общие темы

Перечень общих тем составлен на основе лексических доменов ИКАО, содержащихся в п.3.4.2 Главы 3 Документа 9835

 

  • Transport, travel, vehicles
  • Aviation, flight
  • Countries and nationalities
  • Geography, topographical features
  • Weather, climate, natural disasters
  • Animals, birds
  • Problems, errors, accidents, malfunctions
  • Behaviour, activities
  • Rules, infringement, protocol
  • Health, medicine
  • Language, spoken communications
  • Technology
  • Cargo, packaging, materials
  • Numbers
  • Abbreviations, acronyms
  • Time, duration, schedules
  • Space, movement, position, distance, dimension
  • Modality (obligation, probability, possibility)
  • Causes, conditions
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