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Level

Pronunciation

Assumes a dialect and/or

accent intelligible to the

aeronautical community

Structure 

Relevant grammatical

structures and sentence

patterns are determined

by language functions

appropriate to the task

Vocabulary

Fluency

Comprehension

Interactions

Expert 6

Pronunciation, stress,

rhythm, and intonation,

though possibly

influenced by the first

language or regional

variation, almost never

interfere with ease of

understanding.

Both basic and complex

grammatical structures

and sentence patterns

are consistently well

controlled.

Vocabulary range and

accuracy are sufficient

to communicate

effectively on a wide

variety of familiar and

unfamiliar topics.

Vocabulary is idiomatic,

nuanced, and sensitive

to register.

Able to speak at length

with a natural, effortless

flow. Varies speech flow

for stylistic effect, e.g. to

emphasize a point.

Uses appropriate

discourse markers and

connectors

spontaneously.

Comprehension is

consistently accurate in

nearly all contexts and

includes comprehension

of linguistic and cultural

subtleties.

Interacts with ease in

nearly all situations. Is

sensitive to verbal and

non-verbal cues and

responds to them

appropriately.

Extended 5

Pronunciation, stress,

rhythm, and intonation,

though influenced by the

first language or

regional variation, rarely

interfere with ease of

understanding.

Basic grammatical

structures and sentence

patterns are consistently

well controlled. Complex

structures are attempted

but with errors which

sometimes interfere with

meaning.

Vocabulary range and

accuracy are sufficient

to communicate

effectively on common,

concrete, and work-

related topics.

Paraphrases

consistently and

successfully.

Vocabulary is

sometimes idiomatic.

Able to speak at length

with relative ease on

familiar topics but may

not vary speech flow as

a stylistic device. Can

make use of appropriate

discourse markers or

connectors.

Comprehension is

accurate on common,

concrete, and work-

related topics and

mostly accurate when

the speaker is

confronted with a

linguistic or situational

complication or an

unexpected turn of

events. Is able to

comprehend a range of

speech varieties (dialect

and/or accent) or

registers.

Responses are

immediate, appropriate,

and informative.

Manages the speaker/

listener relationship

effectively.

Operational 4

Pronunciation, stress,

rhythm, and intonation

are influenced by the

first language or

regional variation but

only sometimes interfere

with ease of

understanding.

Basic grammatical

structures and sentence

patterns are used

creatively and are

usually well controlled.

Errors may occur,

particularly in unusual or

unexpected

circumstances, but

rarely interfere with

meaning.

Vocabulary range and

accuracy are usually

sufficient to

communicate effectively

on common, concrete,

and work-related topics.

Can often paraphrase

successfully when

lacking vocabulary in

unusual or unexpected

circumstances.

Produces stretches of

language at an

appropriate tempo.

There may be

occasional loss of

fluency on transition

from rehearsed or

formulaic speech to

spontaneous interaction,

but this does not

prevent effective

communication. Can

make limited use of

discourse markers or

connectors. Fillers are

not distracting.

Comprehension is

mostly accurate on

common, concrete, and

work- related topics

when the accent or

variety used is

sufficiently intelligible for

an international

community of users.

When the speaker is

confronted with a

linguistic or situational

complication or an

unexpected turn of

events, comprehension

may be slower or

require clarification

strategies.

Responses are usually

immediate, appropriate,

and informative. Initiates

and maintains

exchanges even when

dealing with an

unexpected turn of

events. Deals

adequately with

apparent

misunderstandings by

checking, confirming, or

clarifying.

Pre-

operational 3

Pronunciation, stress,

rhythm, and intonation

are influenced by the

first language or

regional variation and

frequently interfere with

ease of understanding.

Basic grammatical

structures and sentence

patterns associated with

predictable situations

are not always well

controlled. Errors

frequently interfere with

meaning.

Vocabulary range and

accuracy are often

sufficient to

communicate on

common, concrete, or

work-related topics, but

range is limited and the

word choice often

inappropriate. Is often

unable to paraphrase

successfully when

lacking vocabulary.

Produces stretches of

language, but phrasing

and pausing are often

inappropriate.

Hesitations or slowness

in language

processing may prevent

effective

communication. Fillers

are sometimes

distracting.

Comprehension is often

accurate on common,

concrete, and work-

related topics when the

accent or variety used is

sufficiently intelligible for

an international

community of users.

May fail to understand a

linguistic or situational

complication or an

unexpected turn of

events.

Responses are

sometimes immediate,

appropriate, and

informative. Can initiate

and maintain exchanges

with reasonable ease on

familiar topics and in

predictable situations.

Generally inadequate

when dealing with an

unexpected turn of

events.

Elementary 2

Pronunciation, stress,

rhythm, and intonation

are heavily influenced

by the first language or

regional variation and

usually interfere with

ease of understanding.

Shows only limited

control of a few simple

memorized grammatical

structures and sentence

patterns.

Limited vocabulary

range consisting only of

isolated words and

memorized phrases. 

Can produce very short,

isolated, memorized

utterances with frequent

pausing and a

distracting use of fillers

to search for

expressions and to

articulate less familiar

words.

Comprehension is

limited to isolated,

memorized phrases

when they are carefully

and slowly articulated.

Response time is slow

and often inappropriate.

Interaction is limited to

simple routine

exchanges.

Pre-

elementary 1

Performs at a level

below the Elementary

level.

Performs at a level

below the Elementary

level.

Performs at a level

below the Elementary

level.

Performs at a level

below the Elementary

level.

Performs at a level

below the Elementary

level.

Performs at a level

below the Elementary

level.